THE TEN LEARNING PRINCIPLES OF ACTION REFLECTION LEARNING (ARL)
Learning Principle # 1: Tacit Knowledge
Knowledge exists within individuals in implicit, often unseen forms; it is frequently underutilized and can be accessed through guided introspection.
Learning Principle # 2: Reflection
The ability to thoughtfully reflect on experience is an essential part of the learning process and enables greater meaning and learning to be derived from a given situation.
Learning Principle # 3: Repetition and reinforcement
Practice brings mastery, and positive reinforcement increases the assimilation.
Learning Principle # 4: Uncovering, adapting and building new maps and models
The most significant learning occurs when individuals are able to shift the perspective from which they habitually view the world, leading to greater understanding (of the world and of others), self-awareness and intelligent action.
Learning Principle # 5: Social learning
Learning emerges through social interaction and, therefore, individuals learn more with others than by themselves.
Learning Principle # 6: Facilitated learning
A specific role exists for an expert in methods and techniques for teaching and learningwho can help the learning of both individuals and groups.
Learning Principle # 7: Relevance
Learning is optimized when the focus of the learning is owned by, relevant to, important and timely for, the individual.
Learning Principle # 8: Integration
People are a combination of mind, body, spirit, feelings and emotions, and they respond best when all aspects of their being are considered, engaged, and valued.
Learning Principle # 9: Self-awareness
Building self-awareness through helping people understand the relation between what they feel andthink, how they act, and their impact on others, is a crucial step to greater personal and professional competence.
Learning Principle # 10: Systemic understanding and practice
We live in a complex, interconnected, co-created world, and in order to better understand and tackle individual and organizational issues, we have to take into account the different systems and contexts that mutually influence one another.